Data are increasingly available from prospective studies. However, the existing data are still limited, and any conclusions must be seen as tentative Such a phenomenon does seem possible due to the desire of this population to offset and reverse negative images and discrimination. In fact, as we know that stable, married parents are associated with good child welfare outcomes, it would be beneficial for children from same-sex families to have parents who are married. Policy debates will be impoverished if this important source of knowledge is simply dismissed as a 'he said, she said' squabble.
Others suggest that same-sex parenting leads to children who have poor outcomes, or who are abused. Policy debates will be impoverished if this important source of knowledge is simply dismissed as a 'he said, she said' squabble. However, CPA is concerned that some persons and institutions are mis-interpreting the findings of psychological research to support their positions, when their positions are more accurately based on other systems of belief or values. The methodologies used in the major studies of same-sex parenting meet the standards for research in the field of developmental psychology and psychology generally. It should be acknowledged that research on lesbian and gay parents and their children, though no longer new, is still limited in extent. The studies specific to same-sex parenting were published in leading journals in the field of child and adolescent development, such as Child Development, published by the Society for Research in Child Development, Developmental Psychology , published by the American Psychological Association, and The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, the flagship peer-review journals in the field of child development. Prior to publication in these journals, these studies were required to go through a rigorous peer-review process, and as a result, they constitute the type of research that members of the respective professions consider reliable. Empirical studies comparing children raised by sexual minority parents with those raised by otherwise comparable heterosexual parents have not found reliable disparities in mental health or social adjustment. Most studies rely on small-scale, snowball and convenience samples drawn primarily from personal and community networks or agencies. Herek 's analysis in American Psychologist , which said: Homosexuality does not constitute a pathology or deficit, and there is no theoretical reason to expect gay fathers to cause harm to their children. Their findings indicate that the children with lesbian or gay parents appear less traditionally gender-typed and are more likely to be open to homoerotic relationships, which may be partly due to genetic or family socialization processes or "contextual effects," even though children raised by same-sex couples are not more likely to self-identify as bisexual, lesbian, or gay and most of them identify as heterosexual. Another potential factor of importance is the possibility of social desirability bias when research subjects respond in ways that present themselves and their families in the most desirable light possible. In a concerning, frequently quoted outlier study, an author looked at a series of questions asked of children. Herek noted in that "empirical research can't reconcile disputes about core values, but it is very good at addressing questions of fact. The review concluded that all of the studies lacked external validity and that therefore: He argues such positions are flawed because they are informed by ideologies that either oppose or support such families. According to sociologist Judith Stacey of New York University , "Rarely is there as much consensus in any area of social science as in the case of gay parenting, which is why the American Academy of Pediatrics and all of the major professional organizations with expertise in child welfare have issued reports and resolutions in support of gay and lesbian parental rights". Herek's paper in American Psychologist stated: In addition, whereas early study samples consisted mainly of children originally born into heterosexual relationships that subsequently dissolved when one parent came out as gay or lesbian, recent samples are more likely to include children conceived within a same-sex relationship or adopted in infancy by a same-sex couple. This has not been the case. However, the existing data are still limited, and any conclusions must be seen as tentative It is important to look at these outlier studies in detail. Such a phenomenon does seem possible due to the desire of this population to offset and reverse negative images and discrimination. Some individuals have asserted that same-sex couples should not marry or have children, because they believe a child has a fundamental right to both a mother and father. Although studies of gay fathers and their children have been conducted Patterson, , less is known about children of gay fathers than about children of lesbian mothers. Rosenfeld, associate professor of sociology at Stanford University , wrote in a study published in Demography that "[A] critique of the literature—that the sample sizes of the studies are too small to allow for statistically powerful tests—continues to be relevant.
Video about parenting same sex:
Are children of same-sex parents disadvantaged?
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